Broome & the Kimberley

kimberley-mapThe Kimberley is considered one of the Earth’s greatest natural and cultural treasures.

Sandy deserts, vast savannah, woodlands, complex coastlines, island archipelagos, sandstone gorges, inland plateaus, mangrove lined estuaries, pockets of remnant rainforest and pristine tropical seas make up this unique region.

Extending from Eighty Mile Beach, south of Broome to the Northern Territory border and covering an area of approximately 400,000 square kms, much of the Kimberley land and seascapes have retained their innate biological integrity. Home and haven to a plethora of endemic and threatened species, this region is one of few areas in Australia where no mammal extinctions have been recorded. Animal life abounds — whales, dugongs, turtles, sharks, dolphins, sea and shorebirds, marsupials, amphibians, snakes and lizards. Some of these species, such as hump-backed whales and wading birds are migratory, visiting the Kimberley along their route as they navigate the globe.

With over two thousand islands, the Kimberley rates alongside the Arctic and Antarctic as one of the planet’s last great marine wildernesses and represents one of Earth’s most intact tropical marine ecosystems.

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It has a dynamic and complex coastline spanning 2000 – 3000kms. The Kimberley coral reefs are diverse and experience the largest tidal range of any reef system on the planet.

The population of the Kimberley is sparse, the majority of people living in and between six major towns — Broome, Derby, Fitzroy Crossing, Halls Creek, Kununurra and Wyndham. More than 30 Kimberley Aboriginal groups in the region maintain their ancestral and ecological links to the land, contributing to the region’s rich cultural heritage.